harmful effects of junk food

What are the Effects of Junk Food on Your Health?

Junk food is a high caloric food that provides lots of cholesterol, fat, sodium or sugar, but with little or no nutrients at all. This means any food of low nutritional value.

Examples of junk foods include: salted snack foods such as potato chips, fried fast foods, sweets such as candy, ice cream, sugary carbonated beverages, donuts, and many others.

Junk foods are usually offered everywhere, at anytime, and at very low cost, especially in cinemas, malls, and supermarkets.

But, remember that those fast foods help you save money and time, but, at the expense of your health. If not consumed in moderation; eating junk foods can lead to the following health risks:

5 Harmful Effects of Junk Food:

1. Cause Chemical Changes that Can Lead to Depression

Studies have shown that consuming foods that are high in fat and sugar changes the chemical activity of your brain, making it more dependent on such foods.

A study that was conducted at the University of Montreal, on mice have shown that they suffered with withdrawal symptoms, after their regular junk food diet was discontinued.

In people, these withdrawal symptoms can make you feel depressed, lead to inability in dealing with stress, and eventually you would turn back to those foods to give yourselfcomfort.

You may then be caught in a vicious cycle, without you knowing it. Also, by eating too much junk food, you may lose out on essential nutrients inlucding amino acid tryptophan, the lack of which can help in increasing feelings of depression.

Also, an imbalance of fatty acids is other reason why people who eat more junk food are at a higher risk of depression.

2. Heart Diseases

A diet high in junk food diet is one of the major cause of heart diseases (Myocardial infarction) because of the plaque formation in arteries, which demands your heart to put extra effort in pumping blood on the downstream.

On the upstream, there is lack of returning blood to heart, and this causes 2 damages to your heart, heart fatigue due to continuous extra effort, and the heart suffer in oxygen supply.

3. High Cholesterol

Apart from constricting arteries and forming plaques, cholesterol also affects liver where it is metabolized.

High cholesterol that is due to junk food and diet, strains the liver, damaging it finally. This is a long term effect

4. Lack of Energy

Known as short term adverse effect that results from consuming junk food as junk food do not provide the important nutrients, including protein, vitamins, and fibers, even though they can very much sufficing, people feel weakened.

5. Leads to Memory Loss

Consuming only junk food and craving for more, can lead you to lose your memory gradually. There is a sudden inflammation of the brain, most especially in the hippocampus part of the brain.

There is a chemical reaction inside your brain which leads to loss of memory. A diet high in sugar suppresses the functions of the brain, which is known as the Brain Derived Neutrophic Factor. This is responsible for memory and concentration.

Research Gate

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